Cardio

Echocardiographic evaluation of the left atrium in small animals

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Description

Participants are expected to know how to scan and measure the left atrium. Which are the pros and cons of each single mthod, and which are the normal reference values and the different cut-off values useful for diagnostic and prognostic purposes.

Topics

Echocardiography, M-mode, 2Dimensional, measurements, volumes

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